Computers and technology have made many things easier, but this ease has come with its own set of problems. Document fraud and identity theft are easier than ever, too.
Biometrics is the best way of identifying and authenticating individuals in a fast and reliable way, using unique biological characteristics such as fingerprints and irises, or even behavior.
Here are different biometrics and the tech devices used to authenticate them:
The behavioral biometric identifies and authenticates individuals based on the unique behavior they exhibit when they interact with a device. Platforms used today can identify many types of behavioral patterns.
One example of this is the typing biometric. One company has technology that records keystroke statistics of a user and turns them into typing patterns which can analyze typing patterns against previous patterns.
These patterns are difficult to replicate, and therefore are difficult to spoof. Spoofing is disguising a communication from an unknown source as being from a known, trusted source to gain access to personal information.
Face recognition biometrics used to be associated with security sectors, but has now spread into industries like retail, marketing and health. It has become so prevalent that Apple’s iPhone X introduced Face ID.
Face ID uses sensors set around the iPhone’s user-facing camera than scan your face, and if the scan matches the data on file, will perform actions like unlocking your phone or will authorize Apple Pay transactions.
Iris recognition biometric technology is popular with banks and financial sectors because it is fast, with a narrow margin of error. The iris remains a stable organ throughout a lifetime, so it is ideal for identification.
Iris recognition devices use pattern recognition techniques based on high resolution images of the iris and stores the data for comparison identification and verification.
Two aspects of voice recognition are voice and speech. They are different, but have synergy because they are both dependent on the human voice.
Voice recognition uses software-based technology, which is in regular use today. It is contactless and convenient. Voice recognition is also known as a voiceprint, and is used for identification and authentication, as opposed to speech recognition.
This software measures the sounds a user makes while speaking and can measure the unique biological factors that, when combined, produce the voice.
This measurement can be done passively when a user speaks naturally in conversation, or actively when speaking a passphrase.
Speech recognition technology, also known as voice command, allows users to control technologies by speaking to them.
Fingerprint identification one of the oldest and most common forms of identification. One of the reasons it is so common is that it is cheap and safe. Safe, because only about one in a billion can be matched using fingerprints. It is used to unlock mobile devices and to access offices.
Like all biometrics technology, a person’s fingerprints are compared to previously saved data.
Biometrics technology is now a part of daily life.